Epitome of Pompeius Trogus: Lupercalia Connection


Post hunc tertio loco regnasse Faunum ferunt, sub quo Euander ab Arcadiae urbe Pallanteo in Italiam cum mediocri turba popularium uenit, cui Faunus et agros et montem, quem ille postea Palatium appellauit, benigne adsignauit. 7 In huius radicibus templum Lycaeo, quem Graeci Pana, Romani Lupercum appellant, constituit ; ipsum dei simulacrum nudum caprina pelle amictum est, quo hahitu nunc Romae Lupercalibus decurritur.
After him, third in descent, they say that Faunus was king, in whose time Evander came into Italy from Pallanteum, a city of Arcadia, accompanied with a small band of his countrymen, to whom Faunus kindly gave land, and the mountain which he afterwards called Palatium. At the foot of this mountain he built a temple to the Lycaean god, whom the Greeks call Pan, and the Romans Lupercus, the naked statue of the deity being covered with a goat-skin, in which dress the priests now run up and down during the Lupercalia at Rome.